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Bladder

The bladder is a storage organ that store and excrete waste in the form of urine and it sits in pelvis. Urine is made by your kidneys and stored in the bladder and like other parts bladder too send signals to brain. When the bladder is full and needs to be emptied, the nerves send signals to the brain indicating this, and we will feel the urge to empty the bladder. The brain controls the bladder by sending messages to tell it when to hold on and when to empty. The muscles of the bladder contract, when pushing the urine out and then get relaxed.

Facts of Organ

Bladder act as fizzy drink can

The bladder in an average can holds between 300ml and 600ml of urine which is quite similar to fizzy drink can.

Bladder act as a reservoir

The main and important function of the bladder is to store and it can store up to 2 cups of urine. It then excrete it.

Bladder is just like a balloon

It is a stretchy, muscular bag that resides just behind the pubic bone. It is a balloon like structure that swells into a round shape when full and shrinks when empty.

Bladder send signals to brain

Yes that’s true that like other parts bladder too send signals to brain. When the bladder is full and needs to be emptied, the nerves send signals to the brain indicating this, and we will feel the urge to empty the bladder.

Urine stays hours in bladder before it is released

Urine can stay in the bladder for up to about 4-5 hours before excretion, depending on the amount of liquid consumed and also the health of the urinary system. And also a normal bladder completely empties it each and every time when urine is passed.

Women’s urethras are different from men

Urethras are the tubes that take urine from the bladder to the outside of the body and they are much shorter in women than men due to the differences in genitalia of each of them.

Urine is non-toxic

Urine is actually blood byproduct and it is not at all toxic. It generally contains 95% of water, 2.5% of urea and 2.5% of other mixtures such as minerals, salts, and the enzymes.

If Bladder muscles are weak, they can give stress

Yes That’s true that if the muscles supporting the bladder are weak then they can give us stress. But this stress can easily be handled by doing pelvic floor exercises which strengthen them.

Functions of Organ

The kidneys produce urine, it travels down the ureters and get stored in bladder. As whenever we have to urinate, urine passes from bladder through an opening at the bottom and flows out of urethra. The muscles of the bladder contract, when pushing the urine out. In women, the urethral opening is located just right above the vagina and in men, it is at the tip of the penis. As the bladder get filled, nerve sent signals to the brain and then an urge is there to urinate. When urination is done, nerve signals back and then relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles and the muscles of the urethra are done. Though the bladder seems like a simple sack of flesh, it is actually a very complex structure performing various kind of process and functions.

Anatomy

The bladder is hollow, balloon shaped organ which is located in the pelvis between the pelvic bones. It expands as it fills with urine and then after releasing it, gets contract. The bladder is a part of the urinary tract and it has three sets of muscles working for it.

Urethra : The first set is urethra. It takes the urine out of the body. The area where the urethra joins the bladder is the bladder neck.

Internal sphincter : The internal sphincter or bladder neck, composed of the second set of muscles which helps urine to stay in the bladder.

External sphincter : The external sphincter or pelvic floor muscles are the third set of muscles, which surround and support the urethra.

To urinate, the nerve sends the signal to the the brain that the bladder is full, then brain signals the muscular bladder wall to tighten, squeezing urine out of the bladder. And at the very same time, the brain signals the sphincters to get relaxed. And when the sphincters relaxes, urethra excrete the urine out of the body.

Food Tips

Nuts, seeds and legumes : These are the natural, healthiest, and unprocessed form which is very essential and effective source of fibre rich diet which can help in bladder infection and overall body health.

Water : The water is the best solution to flush away all the urinary infections. It is the best beverage we can have for our bladder. Water keeps the body hydrated and it is good for overall health and not just bladder.

Pineapple :Bromelain enzymes are generally found in pineapple that may decrease inflammation from infection and may even kill bacteria and viruses,hence a very useful remedy to heal UTI.

Probiotics : The probiotics such as yogurt and other fermented products contain "good" bacteria such as Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria which helps to strengthen urinary tract. They also helps to reduce the UTI symptoms.

Vitamin C : Vitamin C rich food such as oranges, tomatoes, grapefruit etc. is often used to combat UTI symptoms since it helps inhibit E. coli growth, makes urine less acidic and may reduce recurrent UTIs.

Baking soda: The baking soda is very helpful in reducing the burning pain of UTIs and it also helps to create an alkaline PH which is remedy for all infections.

Lifestyle Tips

Drinking lot of water : This is the best remedy for cleaning the entire system. Water helps in flushing the bacteria and germs away. When the bacteria gets flushed away, it reduce the burning sensation and other UTI problems.

Urinary urgency : The best thing to avoid the bladder infection is to stop holding urine in bladder for long. It means whenever there is an urge to pass urine we should quickly try to go that time only.

Exercise regularly : The daily workout routine should be there to get a healthy urinary tract and also for the overall health.

Quit smoking : Cigarettes smoking is injurious to overall health and also for bladder as it irritates the bladder muscle.

No to spicy food : It is essential for not only bladder but for overall health to say Big No to spicy food items especially red chillies which ultimately just harm the body.

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