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Hair is one of the main defining characteristics of mammals. It is a protein filament notably Keratin that grows from follicles found in the dermis, or skin. The human body, is covered in follicles which produce thick terminal and fine vellus hair except few places such as on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. Generally the things that really matters are hair growth, hair types and hair care. Hair, is generally far more complex than it really appears on the surface. Hair plays a vital role in any person’s appearance, and also helps to transmit sensory information.

Facts of Organ

Blondes generally have more hair

It is proved that blondes generally have more hair than any other color in the world. Blonde on an average have 130,000 hair count compared to other hair color whose average are 100,000 only.

Fastest growing tissue in the body

The fastest growing tissue in the human body are Hair next to bone marrow. It’s always better to get hair trimmed every 6 weeks to keep it healthy and split ends free.

Hair span

On average human hair has a lifespan of 3-7 years approx. Generally a person loses 50-100 hair strands every day and which is quite normal. But more than that can be symptoms of health issues such as pregnancy, diet, season, or illness.

A good forensic evidence

Hair are the best and commonly used forensic evidence that contains information about everything that has ever been in our bloodstream, including drugs.

Human hair are indestructible

The rate of decay of human hair is so slow other than flammability, that it becomes non-disintegrative. They cannot be destroyed by cold, change of climate, water, or other natural forces and they are resistant to many kinds of acids and corrosive chemicals.

Hair growth varies according to weather

Hair growth varies according to climate as they are grow slightly faster in warm weather, because heat encourage circulation, hence hair growth.

Baldness, greater risk for coronary heart disease

Baldness, whether due to medical condition or aging, is often a great concern. The risk of coronary heart disease is 70% more in people going bald than non-balding.

Eyelashes mites

Mites are type of lice who lives in eyelashes follicles. These mites generally feed on waste like sebum. Some excessive use of cosmetics products like mascara and eyeliner can multiply them which can result in loss of follicles, hence eyelashes loss.

Hair follicles are independent

All hair are independent of each other, means that all hair follicles are free from their neighbour.

Hair are not gender bias

Hair is the only thing in the body by which it is impossible to determine person’s gender as women’s hair and men’s hair are similar in structure.

Functions of Organ

Hair are very important part of human body as they collects sweat and protects us from damaging Ultraviolet (UV) rays and from particles of debris and foreign objects and external damages that could hurt the skin or enter the body. It also help in regulating body temperature and it also acts as a sensory organ. Actually the role of the hair generally depends on its location such as scalp is protected by head hair, against the burning sun and also helps to hold in the body heat. Eyelashes and eyebrow hair are very useful in keeping the foreign matter out of the eyes, and hair in the nostrils and ear canal catch dust and debris and even help to put insects away from entering the body. Nostril hair also helpful in regulating the temperature of inhaled air before it enters the body.


The structure of hair can be broken down into three major parts:

The follicle - The hair follicle anchors each hair into the dermis. The Stem cells present in the follicle produce keratinocytes that form the hair while hair gets it color from melanocytes.

Root - The portion of hair below the skin surface is the hair root, which lies within follicles. The cells in the root push up to the surface until they exit the skin as soon as the follicles produce new Hair.

Shaft - Here lies the part of the hair that is outside the skin.

The hair shaft and root are made of three distinct layers of cells:

The cuticle - The cuticle is the outermost layer made of keratinocytes which are stacked on top of each other like herpes so that the outer tip of each cell points away from the body.

Cortex - The second one is cortex that lies under the cuticle and these cells form the majority of the hair’s width. Cortex are spindle-shaped and tightly packed cells which contain pigments that give the hair its color.

Medulla - It is the innermost layer of the hair and is not present in all hair.When it is present, it usually contains highly pigmented cells full of keratin but when medulla is not present then the cortex continues through the middle of the hair.

Food Tips

Spinach : It consists of amazing nutrients like vitamin A, plus iron, beta carotene, folate, and vitamin C which help in battling with the brittle hair.

Egg : It is rich in iron and loaded with protein. They're rich in a vitamin B called biotin that helps hair grow and absence of biotin can lead to hair loss.

Salmon : This fish contains omega-3 fatty acids which helps in hair growth and also for silky shiny hair.

Coconut : The Coconut oil is highly rich in healthy fats, vitamins E and K and minerals, hence one of the best natural nutrients for hair. It helps in encouraging growth and shine.

Sweet potatoes : They are rich in Beta-carotene which can easily be converted to vitamin A in the body as vitamin A is necessary for hair growth. Deficiency of vitamin A can lead to dry, dull, lifeless hair, which can have dandruff.

Lentils : Lentils are a great source of iron-rich protein, which is necessary for all hair cell growth.

Bell peppers : Red, green and yellow bell peppers are good source of vitamin C, which is necessary for hair health

Lifestyle Tips

Regular exercise : Daily regular exercise for at least thirty minutes, keeps mind, body and hair fine. It promotes good and healthy hair.

Eat healthy : we should always have nutritious meals as it help us to stay healthy and also our hair strong and beautiful.

Good sleep : It is always important to have 8-9 hours sleep for beautiful, strong and healthy hair.

Drink water : To get rid of brittle, rough and weak hair, we should drink lot of water. It replenishes the skin and hair of the body.

Quit smoking : Smoking is injurious to health and especially hair. It is proven that smokers are more likely to have grey hair than those who don’t.

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